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ECOTOP CONSULT

Gallery Woman training on dynamic agroforestry for food

Current situation

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Method

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Projects

Woman training on dynamic agroforestry for food

Woman training on dynamic agroforestry for food

Topic: Cocoa Production

January 2016 - October 2017

Africa - Ivory Coast

Responsible:Biopartenaire/Barry Callebaut

2012 – 2015
2016 - 2017

From 2014 to 2015 ECOTOP c

onducted specific training for women on behalf of „Biopartenaire” and 2016/17 on behalf of Barry Callebaut in the surroundings of Yamoussoukro, Diegonéfla, Ouragahio, Duékoué and Lacotá.

Women are mostly in charge of food production and responsable for new cocoa plantations during the first 3 years, when food crops are cultivated between the young cocoa trees.
Land preparation is commonly done by slash and burn of savannah like areas or young fellow secondary forest or bushland. Therfore the areas cultivated are mostly degraded and crops are under a high presure of infestation by weeds.

The training concept and methodology are based on our long experiences with farmer training and is structured as followed  :

- diagnostic of the hábitat (group painting)
    - situation 50 years before
    - current situation
    - proyection in 20 years

Group painting



Presentation and interpratation of group painting



Group painting 50 years ago:

Explanation of the group: People were living in the forest surounded by big, tall trees. The ambience was fresh, it was raining regularly, abundance of bush meet, soils were fertile and everthing produced without external inputs. Cocoa was grown under thinned forest.



Current situation: Most of the big trees had been cut, cocoa is growing  in bigger extention an mostly without shade. Soil is becoming “sandy”, people are living in bigger comunities, rainfall is more irregular and the ambience is allmighty hot.



Situation in 20 years: No more trees anymore, the soil and ambience is savannah like and very hot, soil is getting totaly sandy (the dots at the right corner are presenting sand), no cocao trees can be cultivated anymore and encreasing demographic pressure. No rainfall anymore.



The women mostly interprete quite realistic what is happening with their habitat

Based on the diagnostic and discussing the perspectives of the future, the next step is to analize what has to be changed to avoid that apocalyptic scenario in the future.

Field practice without burning, starting with the design of the plot



   

 

Sowing and planting





Finished plot: Everything had been sown and planted (maize, beans, pumpkin, pegion pea, annatto, hot pepper, ladyfinger, manioc, cocoyam, yam……., mango seeds, avocado seeds (every 2 m), banana and everything available at the moment of installation. After sowing, trees and brush vegetation as well as grass is cut and branches are shopped and distributed evenly on the ground.


The successional model


 

The successional model represents the different phases of development or degredation of a site. The participants are queued up at the point corresponding to the situation of their fields, in this case it´s a  Savannah like situation.


Asking them to queue up where they would like to start with agriculture. Everybody is queuing where the vegetation is caracterized by dense forest.



During a participatory process the princples of how nature is maintaining and increasing fertility and life is observed, discussed and praticed. The goal for everybody is, how to move from the Savannah like situation to a primary forest one and how to produce food and cocoa increasing soil fertility.



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